Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences - Technical Sciences
The goal of this report is to provide an introduction to the basic computational models used in quantum information theory. We various review models of quantum Turing machine, quantum circuits and quantum random access machine (QRAM) along with their classical counterparts. We also provide an introduction to quantum programming languages, which are developed using the QRAM model. We review the syntax of several existing quantum programming languages and discuss their features and limitations.